Though the most well-known turn in poetry is probably the turn between the octave and sestet in a sonnet where the argument meets some counter-argument that often hinges on a rhetorical word such as “but,” most poems manifest some sort of turn where the poet challenges what has been thus far presented or discovers a complication or surprise or simply pushes an image or metaphor or detail further and thus changes the course of the poem. In some ways the turn is similar to the issue of conflict in a story. If there isn’t some occurrence that wrinkles the events then of what interest is the story? We go to literature for that unpredictable element that is at once understandable and mysterious. Untoward things…